Coal is unloaded onto large piles at the Ulan Coal mines near the central New South Wales rural town of Mudgee in Australia, March 8, 2018.
David Gray | Reuters
Shares of Australian coal producer Whitehaven has risen 200% this year.
The share price of the Australian-listed miner has risen about 150% since the Russia-Ukraine crisis started in late February, and hit a record high of 7.90 Australian dollars ($5.47) on Wednesday.
In other words, an investor who purchased Whitehaven shares late last year would have seen his or her investment increase more than three times.
Chatter among stockwatchers on the popular online Australian stock market forum HotCopper has also increased.
Some were excited over Whitehaven’s all-time high while others were careful that its share price could be “too high.”
But one analyst had words of caution.
For investors who are toying with whether to cash in on the stock should be wary as the stock is now highly speculative, Australian stock analyst Under The Radar Report mining analyst Peter Chilton said.
“It’s a good company but there’s been a great deal of share price exuberance, which is not sustainable,” Chilton said.
Based on its last full-year results, Whitehaven is not profitable. The coal producer had about A$500 million in losses last year, including impairment write-offs.
Last year, it attributed its poor performance to the high value of the Australian dollar, Covid-19, production issues and ironically, the falling price of coal. The company is due to release its latest 2022 annual results on Thursday.
But this year, underpinning Whitehaven’s rise is the meteoric increase in the price of thermal coal, the world’s go-to fuel for energy production.
The price of the fuel shot up even faster after the war in Ukraine started, with high-grade thermal coal trading at record highs above $400 a tonne In comparison, over the past ten years, high-grade thermal coal has fetched between $50 and $120 a tonne.
The Ukraine crisis and the European Union’s subsequent ban on imports of Russian coal – which took effect earlier in August – has taken out a chunk of the global coal supply. It has forced many European countries to go further afield to Australia to source for supplies of the fuel, driven by greater urgency as winter looms.
The International Energy Agency warned in a report last month that global coal demand is set to return to an all-time high this year while coal consumption in the European Union could rise by 7% this year on top of last year’s 14% jump.
Efforts to curb emissions have been put on a backburner with coal being the “the largest single source of energy-related carbon dioxide emissions,” the IEA said.
“With other coal producers facing constraints in replacing Russian output, prices on coal futures markets indicate that tight market conditions are expected to continue well into next year and beyond,” the IEA said in a statement in July.
Impact of Russia’s war on Ukraine
The Russia-Ukraine crisis has exacerbated what had been an already been a tight coal market, said Pat Markey, managing director of Singapore-based commodities advisory Sierra Vista Resource.
“Stronger gas markets have underpinned the strength in coal-fired generation; hence, this has increased the demand for thermal coal,” Markey said.
“Even before the Russian-Ukraine war, there has been an overall lack of investment in the upstream side of the coal business; consequently, supply has not kept pace with demand, which is supportive of the price for coal.”
It’s not just Whitehaven which has benefited but so has its thermal coal mining peers including New Hope, Terracom and Yancoal, Markey said.
On Monday, New Hope released quarterly results revealing its earnings (EBITDA) nearly doubled that of the previous quarter.
Terracom’s share price is now nearly A$1, up from 20 cents at the start of the year.
Last week, Anglo-Australian miner BHP posted its highest yearly profits in 11 years as a result of high coal prices.
“Basically, the price of thermal coal is going through the roof … it’s at historically high levels. Like many commodities, including oil, there’s been a dearth of supply because of reduced investments,” said Chilton, the mining analyst.
“We are careful on whether [coal prices] can go higher, because we’re surprised that it’s gone as high as it has.”
Markey said in the medium term, the market seems to be supportive of high coal prices and Whitehaven has an advantage given the high quality of its coal but he did not want to say how high the price of the stock could go.
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