© Reuters. FILE PHOTO: A Canadian dollar coin, commonly known as the “Loonie”, is pictured in this illustration picture taken in Toronto January 23, 2015. REUTERS/Mark Blinch//File Photo
By Fergal Smith
TORONTO (Reuters) – The Canadian dollar will gain ground over the coming year as high commodity prices bolster Canada’s economic outlook and the Bank of Canada likely continues to raise interest rates aggressively, a Reuters poll showed.
The is the only G10 currency to keep pace with the U.S. dollar, a magnet for safe-haven flows, in 2022.
The median forecast in the poll was for Canada’s currency to strengthen 0.4% to 1.26 per U.S. dollar, or 79.37 U.S. cents, in three months’ time, compared to 1.2568 in last month’s forecast. It was then expected to climb to 1.23 in a year’s time.
“I think there (are) pretty solid reasons to be constructive on the CAD in the medium term,” said Shaun Osborne, chief currency strategist at Scotiabank.
“The Bank (of Canada) is taking a very proactive approach to policy making… Monetary policy is potentially going to move a little bit more quickly and maybe a bit more aggressively than the Fed (U.S. Federal Reserve) in the next six months.”
The BoC opened the door to a more aggressive pace of tightening on Wednesday, saying it was prepared to act “more forcefully” if needed to tame inflation, even as it went ahead with a historic second consecutive half-percentage-point rate increase, lifting its benchmark rate to 1.50%.
Money markets expect the policy rate to reach 3% by December.
Some analysts expect Canada’s economy to be particularly sensitive to higher interest rates after Canadians borrowed heavily during the pandemic to participate in a red-hot housing market.
The housing boom is expected to end next year, a Reuters poll of property experts found.
Still, Canada’s gross domestic product grew at an annualized rate of 3.1% in the first quarter, helped by buoyant domestic demand. That compares favorably to a contraction in the United States.
“The (Canadian) economy itself is doing very well,” Osborne said. “I think from a commodity, terms of trade, point of view, there is a good news story there to tell for Canada.”
Terms of trade is the ratio of export prices to import prices. An improvement makes a country wealthier.
The price of oil, one of Canada’s major exports, has soared more than 50% since the start of the year as Western sanctions on Russia have disrupted supplies.
(For other stories from the Reuters June foreign exchange poll:)
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